Effect of Progressive Locomotor Treadmill Compared to Conventional Training on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Remodeling in Paraplegia

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Ghasemi Mobarake B, Banitalebi E, Ebrahimi A, Ghafari M. Effect of Progressive Locomotor Treadmill Compared to Conventional Training on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Remodeling in Paraplegia, Middle East J Rehabil Health Stud. 2017 ;4(1):e37732. doi: 10.17795/mejrh.37732.
Copyright: Copyright © 2017, Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health Studies. .
Abstract
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
References
  • 1. Rahimi-Movaghar V, Sayyah MK, Akbari H, Khorramirouz R, Rasouli MR, Moradi-Lakeh M, et al. Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in developing countries: a systematic review. Neuroepidemiology. 2013; 41(2): 65-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Postma K, van den Berg-Emons HJ, Bussmann JB, Sluis TA, Bergen MP, Stam HJ. Validity of the detection of wheelchair propulsion as measured with an Activity Monitor in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2005; 43(9): 550-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Giangregorio L, McCartney N. Bone loss and muscle atrophy in spinal cord injury: epidemiology, fracture prediction, and rehabilitation strategies. J Spinal Cord Med. 2006; 29(5): 489-500[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Maimoun L, Fattal C, Micallef JP, Peruchon E, Rabischong P. Bone loss in spinal cord-injured patients: from physiopathology to therapy. Spinal Cord. 2006; 44(4): 203-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Fattal C, Mariano-Goulart D, Thomas E, Rouays-Mabit H, Verollet C, Maimoun L. Osteoporosis in persons with spinal cord injury: the need for a targeted therapeutic education. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011; 92(1): 59-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Field-Fote EC. Combined use of body weight support, functional electric stimulation, and treadmill training to improve walking ability in individuals with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001; 82(6): 818-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Martinez M, Delivet-Mongrain H, Leblond H, Rossignol S. Effect of locomotor training in completely spinalized cats previously submitted to a spinal hemisection. J Neurosci. 2012; 32(32): 10961-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. van Hedel HJ. Weight-supported treadmill versus over-ground training after spinal cord injury: from a physical therapist's point of view. Phys Ther. 2006; 86(10): 1444-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Gardner MB, Holden MK, Leikauskas JM, Richard RL. Partial body weight support with treadmill locomotion to improve gait after incomplete spinal cord injury: a single-subject experimental design. Phys Ther. 1998; 78(4): 361-74[PubMed]
  • 10. Giangregorio LM, Hicks AL, Webber CE, Phillips SM, Craven BC, Bugaresti JM, et al. Body weight supported treadmill training in acute spinal cord injury: impact on muscle and bone. Spinal Cord. 2005; 43(11): 649-57[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. DePaul VG, Wishart LR, Richardson J, Lee TD, Thabane L. Varied overground walking-task practice versus body-weight-supported treadmill training in ambulatory adults within one year of stroke: a randomized controlled trial protocol. BMC Neurol. 2011; 11: 129[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Behrman AL, Harkema SJ. Locomotor training after human spinal cord injury: a series of case studies. Phys Ther. 2000; 80(7): 688-700[PubMed]
  • 13. Alekna V, Tamulaitiene M, Sinevicius T, Juocevicius A. Effect of weight-bearing activities on bone mineral density in spinal cord injured patients during the period of the first two years. Spinal Cord. 2008; 46(11): 727-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Dutra CMR, Dutra CMR, Moser ADL, Manffra EF. Locomotor training with partial body weight support in spinal cord injury rehabilitation: literature review. Fisioterapia em Movimento. 2013; 26(4): 907-20[DOI]
  • 15. Giangregorio LM, Webber CE, Phillips SM, Hicks AL, Craven BC, Bugaresti JM, et al. Can body weight supported treadmill training increase bone mass and reverse muscle atrophy in individuals with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury? Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2006; 31(3): 283-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Carvalho DC, Garlipp CR, Bottini PV, Afaz SH, Moda MA, Cliquet A. Effect of treadmill gait on bone markers and bone mineral density of quadriplegic subjects. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2006; 39(10): 1357-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Astorino TA, Harness ET, Witzke KA. Effect of chronic activity-based therapy on bone mineral density and bone turnover in persons with spinal cord injury. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013; 113(12): 3027-37[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Sadeghi H, Banitalebi E, Raeisi Dehkordi M. The Effect of Body-Weight-Supported Training Exercises on Functional Ambulation Profile in Patients with Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Physical Treatments-Specific Physical Ther J. 2015; 4(4): 205-12
  • 19. de Groot PC, Hjeltnes N, Heijboer AC, Stal W, Birkeland K. Effect of training intensity on physical capacity, lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in early rehabilitation of spinal cord injured individuals. Spinal Cord. 2003; 41(12): 673-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Tsang WW, Gao KL, Chan KM, Purves S, Macfarlane DJ, Fong SS. Sitting tai chi improves the balance control and muscle strength of community-dwelling persons with spinal cord injuries: a pilot study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015; 2015: 523852[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. El Masry WS, Tsubo M, Katoh S, El Miligui YH, Khan A. Validation of the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor score and the National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study (NASCIS) motor score. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996; 21(5): 614-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Hicks AL, Ginis KM. Treadmill training after spinal cord injury: it's not just about the walking. J Rehabil Res Develop. 2008; 45(2): 241[DOI]
  • 23. Koury JC, Passos MC, Figueiredo FA, Chain A, Franco JG. Time of physical exercise practice after injury in cervical spinal cord-injured men is related to the increase in insulin sensitivity. Spinal Cord. 2013; 51(2): 116-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Stewart BG, Tarnopolsky MA, Hicks AL, McCartney N, Mahoney DJ, Staron RS, et al. Treadmill training-induced adaptations in muscle phenotype in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury. Muscle Nerve. 2004; 30(1): 61-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Phillips SM, Stewart BG, Mahoney DJ, Hicks AL, McCartney N, Tang JE, et al. Body-weight-support treadmill training improves blood glucose regulation in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004; 97(2): 716-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Mohr T, Podenphant J, Biering-Sorensen F, Galbo H, Thamsborg G, Kjaer M. Increased bone mineral density after prolonged electrically induced cycle training of paralyzed limbs in spinal cord injured man. Calcif Tissue Int. 1997; 61(1): 22-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Jones LM, Legge M, Goulding A. Intensive exercise may preserve bone mass of the upper limbs in spinal cord injured males but does not retard demineralisation of the lower body. Spinal Cord. 2002; 40(5): 230-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Davis R, Sanborn C, Nichols D, Bazett-Jones DM, Dugan EL. The effects of whole body vibration on bone mineral density for a person with a spinal cord injury: a case study. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2010; 27(1): 60-72[PubMed]
  • 29. Dolbow JD, Dolbow DR, Gorgey AS, Adler RA, Gater DR. The effects of aging and electrical stimulation exercise on bone after spinal cord injury. Aging Dis. 2013; 4(3): 141-53[PubMed]
  • 30. Eser P, de Bruin ED, Telley I, Lechner HE, Knecht H, Stussi E. Effect of electrical stimulation-induced cycling on bone mineral density in spinal cord-injured patients. Eur J Clin Invest. 2003; 33(5): 412-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Lauer RT, Smith BT, Mulcahey MJ, Betz RR, Johnston TE. Effects of cycling and/or electrical stimulation on bone mineral density in children with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2011; 49(8): 917-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. BeDell KK, Scremin AM, Perell KL, Kunkel CF. Effects of functional electrical stimulation-induced lower extremity cycling on bone density of spinal cord-injured patients. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1996; 75(1): 29-34[PubMed]
  • 33. Belanger M, Stein RB, Wheeler GD, Gordon T, Leduc B. Electrical stimulation: can it increase muscle strength and reverse osteopenia in spinal cord injured individuals? Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000; 81(8): 1090-8[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader

Cited By:

Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check